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Other Symptoms of ASD

play timeThe following other symptoms may be present

  • Gross and sustained impairment of emotional relationships with people,  apparent aloofness.
  • Apparent unawareness of their own personal identity (e.g. posturing, self-mutilation, and failure to use "I"). 
  • Obsessive use of and preoccupation with objects without regard to their functions. 
  • Resistance to change in the environment and a striving to maintain sameness. 
  • Excessive, diminished, or unpredictable responses to sensory stimuli. 
  • Acute, excessive, and illogical anxiety especially precipitated by change. 
  • Speech may have been lost or never acquired. 
  • May use echolalia (repeating words) and certain idiosyncratic words. 
  • Distortion in mobility patterns such as bizarre postures or ritualistic mannerisms, strange gestures and toe walking. 
  • Serious cognitive delays with possible islets of normal or near normal intelligence and sometimes exceptional functioning in very isolated areas. 
  • Poor concentration, short attention span and distractibility. 
  • Minimal social and self help behaviours. 
  • May place him/herself in danger by, for example, not watching while crossing the road. 
  • Does not show mutual sharing of interests, activities, and emotions with others, particularly other children. 
  • Does not understand the perspective of others. 
  • May be aggressive if frustrated or if a child comes too close to his or her space. 
  • May line up toys and not be interested in their function. 
  • May seem unaware of what is going on around them. 
  • May wander off in shopping malls and in parking lots seemingly without a sense that they are alone. 
  • Mainly engages in interaction in order to get what he or she wants. 
  • May "use" a person's arm in order to get what they want or to do something they cannot do. This has been called "hand leading" and is used instead of pointing. 
  • Does not use the emotions of others or "social referencing" in order to decide how to act. 
  • Does not follow through on the requests of others because they are really not understood and the child is doing what he or she wants to do. 
  • May enjoy physical contact with parents and other caregivers if it is when and how they want it. 
  • May not seek out comfort when upset or hurt. 
  • Show little desire to imitate or copy another person's behaviour. 
  • May show self-injurious behaviour.