Asperger Syndrome (AS) was first identified in 1944 by a Viennese physician, Dr. Hans Asperger, though it wasn’t fully recognized until 1994 as a formal medical diagnosis. As a result, we are still learning more every day about what Asperger Syndrome is.
Presently, the diagnosis of AS is included as an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) since people with AS share some of the characteristics of people with autism. By definition, people with AS have a normal or above normal I.Q. and many have exceptional skills and talents in specific areas of interest (see also: special interests). For many people with AS, language development is strong in the area of factual content, while jokes, innuendos, and more subtle social cues by others can be difficult to interpret.